Subpart X - Integrated Contingency Plan.
Owners and operators of facilities subject to federal contingency planning regulations may develop and maintain an integrated contingency plan.
0.02 Purpose and implementation of integrated contingency plan.
0.03 Content of integrated contingency plan.
0.04 Plan introduction elements of integrated contingency plan.
The integrated contingency plan shall include an introductory section containing the information specified in paragraphs (a) through (d) of this section.
0.05 Core plan elements of integrated contingency plan.
The integrated contingency plan shall contain a core plan section that contains the elements specified in paragraphs (a) through (d) of this section.
(1) Description of the procedures, personnel and equipment used to detect hazards to human health or the environment from fires, explosions, or any unplanned sudden or non-sudden release of hazardous waste or hazardous waste constituents to air, soil, or surface water. A thorough discussion of facility inspections shall also be included.
(2) Well defined and specific actions to be taken immediately after discovery of a potential or actual hazardous incident to assess the problem at hand and access the response system. Recognition, basic assessment, source control (as appropriate), and initial notification of proper personnel should be described in manner that can be easily understood by everybody in the facility.
(3) If the facility is subject to the EPA's Oil Pollution Prevention Regulation in 40 CFR part 112, this section must include well defined and specific actions to be taken after discovery of an oil spill including the following:
(i) Designation (by name or position) of an oil-spill response operating team comprised of trained personnel available within a specified response time and a description of the training that such personnel will receive;
(ii) Designation (by name or position) of a trained spill-response coordinator who is charged with the responsibility and is delegated commensurate authority for directing and coordinating response operations; and
(iii) A planned location for a spill-response operations center and a reliable communications system for directing the coordinated overall response operations.
(1) Procedures for internal and external notifications. This section shall include a description of notification procedures that the Facility Incident Commander or Qualified Individual (as identified in ' 0.06(c)(2)) or other personnel must take whenever there is an imminent or actual emergency situation. The notification procedures must be described and be consistent with the minimum requirements in paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (iii) of this section.
(i) Whenever there is an imminent or actual emergency situation, the Facility Incident Commander or Qualified Individual must immediately:
(A) Activate internal facility alarms or communication systems, where applicable, to notify all facility personnel.
(B) Notify appropriate State and local agencies with designated roles if their help is needed.
(ii) If the Facility Incident Commander determines that the facility has had a release, fire, or explosion which could threaten human health, or the environment, outside the facility, he must report his findings as follows:
(A) If his assessment indicates that evacuation of local areas may be advisable, he must immediately notify appropriate local authorities. He must be available to help appropriate officials decide whether local areas should be evacuated; and
(B) He must immediately notify either the government official designated as the on-scene coordinator for that geographical area, (in the applicable regional contingency plan under part 1510 of this title) or the National Response Center (using their 24-hour toll free number 800/424-8802). The report must include:
(I) Name and telephone number of reporter;
(II) Name and address of facility;
(III) Time and type of incident (e.g., release, fire);
(IV) Name and quantity of material(s) involved, to the extent known;
(V) The extent of injuries, if any; and
(VI) The possible hazards to human health, or the environment, outside the facility.
(iii) Facilities subject to the Department of Transportation-Research and Special Programs Administration-Federal Response Plan (DOT-RSPA-FRP) regulation in 49 CFR part 194 must provide the following information in the initial and each follow-up notification:
(A) Name of pipeline;
(B) Time of discharge;
(C) Location of discharge;
(D) Name of oil involved;
(E) Reason for discharge (e.g., material failure, excavation damage, corrosion);
(F) Estimated volume of oil discharged;
(G) Weather conditions on scene; and
(H) Actions taken or planned by persons on scene.
(2) Establishment of a response management structure. This section must describe the facility or corporate organizational structure that will be used to manage the response actions, including -
(i) Command and control;
(ii) Public information;
(iv) Liaison with government agencies;
(v) Spill Operations (as appropriate); and
(vii) Logistics support; and
(3) Preliminary Assessment. This section must include preliminary assessment procedures to be carried out by the Facility Incident Commander or Qualified Individual (as identified in ' 0.06(c)(2)) whenever there is a release, fire, explosion, including identification of:
(i) The type of incident.
(ii) The possible hazards to human health or the environment that may result from the release, fire, or explosion. This assessment must consider both direct and indirect effects of the release, fire, or explosion (e.g., the effects of any toxic, irritating, or asphyxiating gases that are generated, or the effects of any hazardous surface water run-offs from water or chemical agents used to control fire and heat-induced explosions). If the facility is subject to the EPA's Oil Pollution Prevention Regulation in 40 CFR part 112, this section must include a vulnerability analysis addressing the vulnerability of:
(A) Water intakes (drinking, cooling, or other);
(C) Medical facilities;
(D) Residential areas;
(F) Wetlands or other sensitive environments;
(G) Fish and wildlife;
(H) Lakes and streams;
(I) Endangered flora and fauna;
(J) Recreational areas;
(K) Transportation routes (air, land, and water);
(L) Utilities; and
(M) Other areas of economic importance (e.g., beaches, marinas) including terrestially sensitive environments, aquatic environments, and unique habitats.
(iii) The magnitude of the problem. If released materials are involved, the emergency coordinator must immediately identify the character, exact source, amount, and areal extent of any released materials. This may be done by observation or review of facility records or manifests, and, if necessary, by chemical analysis.
(iv) The resources threatened.
(4) Establishment of objectives and priorities for response, including:
(i) Immediate goals/tactical planning. This section shall address the immediate goals of initial response (i.e., protection of workers and public as priorities). It shall also describe tactical planning and procedures that will be implemented to achieve those goals including:
(A) Evacuation routes and procedures.
(B) Emergency medical treatment and first aid.
(ii) Mitigating actions. This section must address the responsibilities of facility personnel to mitigate hazards to human health or the environment including, but not limited to, discharge/release control, containment, and recovery, as appropriate.
(iii) Response resources. This section must include a list of all emergency personnel and emergency equipment at the facility (such as fire extinguishing systems, spill control equipment, communications and alarm systems (internal and external), and decontamination equipment), where this equipment is required. This list must be kept up to date. In addition, the plan must include the location and a physical description of each item of equipment on the list, and a brief outline of its capabilities.
(5) Implementation of tactical plan. This section shall describe procedures to be carried out by facility personnel to implement a response management system for coordinating the response effort. It shall also include procedures to be followed by employees who remain to operate critical plant operations before they evacuate.
(6) Mobilization of resources. This section shall describe procedures for accessing proper response personnel and equipment to respond, to the maximum extent practicable, to a fire, explosion, or discharge and to mitigate or prevent hazards to human health and the environment.
(1) Procedures to account for all employees after the emergency evacuation has been completed and
(2) Critique of response and follow-up.